The number of medical cards infants diagnosed with "atopic dermatitis" (hereinafter-ATD) inexorably rising. And if before it was accepted that this is an allergic disease transmitted by inheritance, now view changed.
Indeed, it can be passed genetically predisposed to Adt, but lately ill more frequently without family history of heredity. Bad ecology, hard water, dry air from heating, poor diet and other hazards cause from the "disease of red cheeks" not insured none.
We all know that prevention is better than cure, so it is important to still in the planning stage of pregnancy to think about how to prevent the development of a child Atd. For this purpose it is enough to observe the following
Prevention of atopic dermatitis:
1. Parents should be as healthy. It is desirable to pass inspection and ensure that future mom has no problems with the organs of the urinary tract, gastrointestinal tract, and the absence of infectious diseases, etc.
2. Already at the planning stage of pregnancy (as well as throughout pregnancy and during breastfeeding) expectant mother should adhere to proper and adequate nutrition.
Effectiveness of hypoallergenic diet mothers in order to prevent Adt has not been proven. However, such a diet can cause enormous harm to both the mother and the growing organism (goiter, beri, rickets etc.). Such harm substantially outweighs the risk of ADT.
3. During pregnancy and breastfeeding need to protect themselves from possible sources of infections because immunity at this time. If surrounded by kindergarten age children, it may make sense to grow from chicken pox, rubella, measles and mumps.
If the expectant mother still had a chance of getting sick-in no event it is impossible to self-medicate. When it detects signs of infection should consult a doctor and take common blood test, for which the doctor will be able to determine the type of infection. If it is a viral infection, generally, antibiotics are not required. If the infection is bacterial, antibiotics without the body will cope with it, so prolechitsja should be made as soon as possible. Of course, antibiotics will not benefit the growing organism, but the consequences of untreated sores on time can be much more serious.
4. There are studies proving that the use of Pro-and Prebiotics during pregnancy and in infants, has led to a decrease in the risk of Atd on 21%. However, finally the question of the appropriateness of Pro-and Prebiotics to prevent Adt had not yet been resolved, because many bacteria and which (as well as in some combination) will fit your baby is unknown.
It should be borne in mind that living bacteria reproduce in the gut is better, but because good dairy products definitely worth eating mom during pregnancy and when breastfeeding.
Some doctors also recommend that children with a predisposition to atopy periodically pass feces for dysbacteriosis:
- in 1-2 months-when the first stage in the formation of the bowel, and it starts to work actively (usually at that age first rashes associated with the work of the gastrointestinal tract);
- in 4-5 months before the beginning of the introduction of complementary foods;
- in the 7-8 months after the regular adaptation to a new type of food when introduced many of the products of complementary foods;
- further-on request, as well as in case of replacement of the power supply (when switching to bottle-feeding, when changing the mix, etc.), after taking antibiotics, or the correction of the intestinal microflora.
However, other doctors questioned the reliability and, consequently, the need for such analyses.
5. Should facilitate the adaptation period small body to vneutrobnym living conditions. For this it is necessary to make a newborn to the breast as soon as possible and feed him breast milk for at least 6 months (ideally, up to 6 months in the gastrointestinal tract of the newborn should not get anything other than mother's milk). Introduction of complementary foods before four to six months is undesirable effect of immaturity of the gastrointestinal tract and the liver of the kid.
6. You must create the most comfortable conditions for newborn skin: air temperature 18-22 degrees, humidity 40-60%. Preferably as many walks in the fresh air, bathing in the water without chlorine, cotton clothing. It should also monitor the infant's skin. If there is a dryness and/or roughness-you need to start using the jemolenta and keep the skin in good condition.
7. If possible, avoid the use of antibiotics. Some doctors prescribe antibiotics for viral infections "just in case" or during dysbacteriosis. It is worth to double-check such an appointment with another doctor (preferably in advance to search for reviews of a good pediatrician, since finding it is not so simple, and it can come in handy at any time). Certainly, there are cases where without antibiotics won't do, but, unfortunately, unwarranted assignment-not uncommon.
8. Before each vaccination is better to donate blood and urine tests to make sure that the child is completely healthy. It should be borne in mind that before inoculation require at least a two-week interval after illness, and instilled better "killed" vaccines.
9. When you see a rash of various kinds should not be excluded from the diet of the kid (or nursing) usual useful products or translate into therapeutic blend. In most cases the problem lies with the immaturity of the intestines as it treated and whether the doctor should decide.
Compliance with these recommendations can significantly reduce the risk of Adt even babies with a genetic predisposition to the disease.
You might also be interested in the following entries: