How to choose fruits and vegetables to foods
To prepare baby purees should choose the best quality fruits and vegetables without discolorations, cracks and other flaws. Ideally, these fruits are grown by you or people you trust.
It is better to use fresh fruit and vegetables because they contain the maximum number of vitamins. However, in the winter-spring period find quality fruit is difficult enough, so at this time it seems reasonable to use the frozen products. Rapid freezing is the most perfect way of storage of vegetables, fruits and berries, because it ensures that not only essential nutrients, but also vitamins. When choosing a frozen food, attention should be paid to the date of packing (fruit and vegetables, frozen in winter are doubtful) and the expiration date. When possible, choose whole fruit (or at least cut in large chunks), as it preserves maximum nutrients. Also worth checking out the quality of the product to the touch: inside should not be large chunks of ice, because their presence means the repeated freezing.
If there is such a possibility, you can freeze the fruit yourself, but in this case, it should be remembered that froozen carrots, asparagus, all kinds of cabbage, bell peppers, green peas and fruit is one year. When the fruits and vegetables that contain a large amount of water (such as lettuce, cucumbers, pears, etc.) are unsuitable for a deep freeze.
In the diet of the child can also include dried fruits and vegetables (cooked vegetable soups, fruit-compotes and supplements in cereals). For dried fruit vitamins much less than fresh or frozen, however, some dried fruits (raisins, dried apricots, prunes, figs, apples, figs) are rich in minerals (especially iron and potassium).
Preparing to cook fruits and vegetables to foods
In the process of cooking foods for a baby must comply with sanitary norms:
-premises should be clean, pets not allowed;
-hands and clothes also cooks must be clean, the hair is removed;
-all cooking foods should be perfectly clean. If the child is prone to allergic reactions, better allocate a separate dish for it, which will not come into contact with potential allergens;
-fruits and vegetables should be rinsed with cold running water, clean if necessary, remove the seeds and again wash;
Utensils used in the preparation of foods, as well as the products themselves should be washed only with 0 +, designed for washing tableware, fruits and vegetables.
To minimise the loss of nutrients, wash, clean and chop fruits and vegetables immediately before cooking and feeding the child.
Frozen vegetables are not worth defrosted before cooking for the same reason-lost vitamins.
Often meet recommendation soak vegetables before cooking in the water at 1-2 hours for removing nitrates, as well as in the case of potatoes-to 12:00 am to remove the starch. It is worth noting that, together with the hypothetical nitrate vegetables lose and real vitamins. The resultant lure little will be different from the industrial (canned) food.
In this case, you should look at the situation-how you disquieted purchased for cooking foods products. You must also take into account whether the kid is prone to adverse reactions from the blood, because the saturated with vitamins, fiber and starch vegetables digested by the body harder and soaking vegetables in the first few days will often ease the process adaptation.
If you are afraid of nitrates, remember that their content in different parts of the plants is significantly different. Basically, they accumulate in the head (cabbage), Peel (squash, cucumbers, potatoes, melons, watermelons, etc.), stem (Dill, parsley, lettuce, celery), heart (carrots).
With regard to water used for washing products and cooking foods, should also look at the situation: how acceptable drinking water from the tap. Sometimes it makes sense to purchase a special filter or even advance to defend water with high content of chlorine.
How to combine fruits and vegetables
In the diet of children in the first year of life it is better not to use vegetables and fruits with high content of nitrates (cabbage, beets, spinach, green onions, lettuce, watermelons, melons).
For the first meal only fit monomial puree (made from a single product). Once established that there is no negative reactions to these mashed potatoes, fruits and vegetables begin to mix. Very tasty combination of vegetables with fruits (e.g. Apple with Zucchini squash with pears, etc.).
We also recommend fruits and berries with sour taste mixed with already entered sweet fruits (e.g., Blueberry nice combined with Apple, blackcurrant-with banana or pear). Enter separately these products are not worth it, because the kid is unlikely to endorse sour mash, hyperacidity may adversely affect the BLOOD heart.
How to prepare fruits and vegetables for babies
Since the main objective of complementary foods is getting a growing body of all essential vitamins, minerals and other nutrients, when choosing how to cooking vegetables and fruits should be preferred cooking on the steaming and zapekaniju.
The easiest way of cooking for a couple is to use a steamer, multivarki or microwave with steamer function. But do not despair if the House these devices-you can always build a "steamer" from improvised means, namely: you must take the appropriate size pan, fill it with water (approximately 1/4, but not less than 250 ml), put on fire and boil water. Then the Pan is installed a metal colander (or sieve), which are ready-to-heat foods (the water should not cover them). The whole structure is covered with a lid, fire is reduced to a weak, vegetables or fruits are boiled until tender.
If you decide to cook vegetables or fruits in water, found the ingredients should be in boiling water. And the less the better.
Cook the fruit until soft but should digest them is not worth it, because it lost a large number of vitamins, as well as taste (and indeed, one of the major goals of feeding is the acquaintance with new flavors).
Spices and other supplements
When checking with vegetables and fruits in them nothing (except broth in which they are produced or regular water) should be added-kid should try the primeval taste.
If the same vegetable or fruit has not received approval from the heart, you can add a little milk or familiar mixture-this will give the dish familiar tunes. Salting the vegetables should not be because infants are missing salt receptors, this taste is imposed by force. Sauce is also not podslashhivaetsja sugar or honey-the later the child will try to sugar the better.
After the serving of vegetables reach 100-125 gr. You can begin to add a little vegetable oil.
Preparations for filing
Ready fruits and vegetables before serving, it is necessary to grind. Perfectly copes with this task the blender. Its advantage is that with the development of a child chewing skills, mashed potatoes, you can gradually do more dense, reducing operating time of the device. In the absence of a blender, fruits and vegetables, you can grind it through a sieve (first even twice or thrice) or use the fine grater.
After grinding, the mash is brought to the consistency of fatty milk or yogurt by adding water or broth, which prepared the appropriate fruit (you can also use breast milk or baby's usual mix, but in this case new the product will be oiled). Homogeneous structure is required and the fact that a child at the time of the introduction of complementary foods is still poorly developed chewing skills as well as enzyme systems still do not allow to fully digest a dense fibrous food-purees will be published in its original form, overloading the digestive tract. In addition, the tiny tot may waive a thick puree or mash with pieces, because this form is unusual for him.
Chewing skills begin to actively develop aged 8-9 months. During this period you can make purees more densely, gradually turning from crushing the Blender (through a sieve or a grater) to softening tolkushkoj or fork.
Storing finished vegetable and fruit puree
Ideally, the broccoli puree should consume within 2-3 hours, because during this period, saved the maximum number of vitamins.
Cold puree of cooked foods can be stored in the refrigerator in tightly sealed containers or 12:00 am portions freeze (in the freezer mashed potatoes can be stored 1-3 months). Classical capacity used to freeze the first complementary foods-ice cube tray, indoor film food (you can then use silicone molds for Cupcakes and for large servings-conventional food storage containers).
It is worth noting that dilute the puree with breast milk or a mixture before freezing or normal storage in the refrigerator. Generally better suited for freezing thick mash and after defrosting and heating, you can add these ingredients or plain water.
Thaw in the refrigerator should be puree (it takes normally not less 4:00, therefore, it is worthwhile to take care of this in advance). After defrosting it is necessary to preheat the Bain-Marie or in the microwave (fruit purees heat not required), dilute liquid to the desired consistency and mix thoroughly. This puree better use immediately, since freezing still destroys the fibers of food, and it spoils faster freshly prepared.
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