Infant colic is a very mysterious phenomenon. This word refers to a variety of symptoms. Very often “colic” is called increased gas production in babies, the debut of which occurs in 2-3 weeks of a child’s life. In this case, the discharge of gases, as a rule, gives the baby discomfort (to a greater or lesser extent). At the age of 3-4 months of life, the problem in most cases goes away without any intervention.
I’ll make a reservation right away that we are breastfeeding, and as such my babies did not have colic. The abdomen was always soft, but disturbing gas discharge took place. With the eldest daughter, they tried to use drugs based on simethicone and dill water. They had no effect on the discharge of gases. As for enzymes, pro- and prebiotics, Vika had a lot of side effects from them (constipation / diarrhea / blood in her stools). As a result, the following activities helped us to alleviate the situation:
1. Before each feeding, we helped my daughter to release the accumulated gas, alternating the following positions:
- Laying out on the stomach
- Laying out on the back and doing exercises “bike”, “frog”
- Laying out on the back and periodic rises at an angle of 30 degrees (mom or dad sat on the bed, resting their back on a pillow and slightly bent their knees, the baby was placed on top of her legs (for convenience, you can cover your legs with a blanket and put the baby in the recess between your legs) and started lowering, raising it by 30 degrees, lowering it again; for the same purpose, you can put the little one in a swing 0+ (if available)).
The attachment to the breast was carried out only after the intestines were cleared of the air that had accumulated after the previous feeding. Otherwise, the daughter worried about her chest.
2. Correct attachment. At first, Vika grabbed only the nipple – this reduced the stimulation of the breast, and led to the fact that the baby sucked only the “front” milk, which contains a lot of lactose (milk sugar). Accordingly, the consumption of a large amount of “front” milk and a lack of “back” milk can lead to increased gas production, green stools. It is worth remembering that lactose is food for healthy intestinal flora, and therefore obtaining “front” milk is also very important. Balance is important here. After the attachment was corrected, the situation improved significantly. Also, if applied incorrectly, more air can be swallowed, so this issue is important to understand.
3. It helped to ease the condition of carrying the daughter in a special way, in which the hand of the mother (father) warmed the tummy (Photo 1). By the way, wearing a “column” after a meal was a useless exercise for us, since Vika practically did not swallow air.
We adapted to fall asleep as follows: after feeding, I sat on the bed, leaning my back on the pillow, and took my daughter in my arms “in a column”. Slightly shaking the baby, I gradually slid down the pillow. As I slid down, my daughter got the accumulated gas. If this gave her severe discomfort, and she began to scream, I again raised myself a little until she calmed down, and then again crawled on the pillow. As a result, she perfectly fell asleep to the beat of her heart, lying belly on her mother’s belly. If I was awake at that time, then I left her in this position. At night, leaving a newborn to sleep in this position is unsafe. You can gently lower the baby doll to the side, and then put it to sleep on the back next to your mother. This method of laying is available not only to mom, but also to dad, which means you can alternate.
4. On the recommendation of the pediatrician in the month of the baby, I excluded from the diet all dairy and gas-forming products (and generally sat on a hypoallergenic diet) until the child was four and a half months old. However, the gaziks stopped bothering my daughter at 5 months (that is, 2 weeks after I began to eat well, including returning fermented milk products to the diet). Therefore, I believe that good nutrition and healthy digestion of the mother accelerate the process of maturation of the baby’s gastrointestinal tract better than any enzymes, pro- and prebiotics. The exceptions are cases where food allergies or intolerances do occur. The main culprit for this intolerance is cow’s milk protein. Gas-forming products, which they love to exclude from the diet of a nursing mother, are very rarely related to gas formation in a child. Only if the mother herself does not suffer from intolerance to these particular products. More about mom’s diet here .
5. With my youngest daughter, we actively practiced skin-to-skin contact and feeding in a biological (relaxed) feeding position. In this case, I did not need to carry a column or do exercises to release gases, since they walked away calmly during the feeding process.
6. With the youngest daughter, we also actively used the sling. In the process of wearing (vertically in the center) the gaziks walked away calmly. By the way, we didn’t use anything else with our youngest daughter: all the time on my mother or next to her mother is a great way to improve bowel function.
It is important to understand that colic (if we assume by this concept increased gas production with difficulty in passing gas) are associated with the immaturity of a small organism and only time can completely cure them. The main task of the mother is to be near and to alleviate the condition of the baby during this difficult period for him.
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