The phrase "skin like a baby" is familiar to many, and it usually implies a soft smooth silky skin. In practice, however, meet baby with such skin is not so simple. As soon as the baby emerges from the womb, it faces severe external factors Wednesday, which have the most beneficial effect on the delicate skin, so until the year periodic pimples and redness is a fairly frequent phenomenon.
Usually the first rash on the cheeks appear at the age of one month (or so). It was at this time the body of the baby comes out all excess moisture and begins to actively work the intestines (one month is usually the first growth jump). Seeing sprinkled with cheeks heart, moms wonder: acne or allergies?
Doctors in the post-Soviet space usually say it is allergies and put my mom on hypo-allergen diet. And starts computation "of all allergens. Rash at the time reduced or even pass, mom thinks that the doctor rights and continues to lose pounds on a rigid diet. But after a month or two, usually heart obsypaet with new vigor. It is always possible to explain the cumulative allergies and again reconsider his diet. As a result, the child infused antihistamines, sorbents, enzymes, Pro-and Prebiotics and precipitation that is, there is, besides, it's time to introduce solid foods, and the kid still torment Jeep.
There is another option. Mom continued to eat properly and to 3-4 month the rash goes along with gazikami. Such mothers typically believe that the child has hormonal acne and not allergic, because without dieting itself has passed.
In fact, the prevalence of acne newborn (neonatal acne) reaches only about 20%, and is more common in boys. Cause of acne is that for the first time after the birth of fetoplacentarnyh under the influence of hormones (hormones contained in placenta and help ensure normal development and functioning of the fetus) enhanced secretion of the sebaceous glands, and these glands pixels as small yellowish whitish smooth bumps mainly on nose and cheeks (Photo 1). Acne also can be expressed as single comedones (black dots) on the cheeks (less often on the forehead).
Seborrheic areas (hair of the head, eyebrows) can be covered under the influence of the coatings drojjepodobnykh mushrooms Malassezia. In General, these mushrooms are normal flora of the human skin, but with enhanced secretion of the sebaceous glands, they may actively proliferate, which leads to seborejnomu dermatitis.
To three months of precipitation usually disappear, because yeast colonization and rejuvenation are reduced to normal levels. Therefore, treatment of acne and Seborrheic scabs not required-only need regular hygienic procedures. Wash the baby better water without chlorine (filtered or mineral). As for the Acne-can they handle podsushiwauschimi disinfectants (remember that baby skin is very tender and burn it with alcohol or other means should not be too stringent).
Other much more common rashes. First on the cheeks appear with red spots and white heads (abscesses) or without them. Then pimples apply to the forehead, Chin, neck, ears, and, less frequently, on the chest, back, arms, tummy. Also, pimples can be combined into larger spots and burst, causing minor formed a crust (Photo 2). Interestingly, this rash usually appears and takes place without interference from around the same time as the gazikami. Her doctors are usually called allergies.
However, and this rash allergies is not true, because it is not a defect of the immune system, and with an immature gut. As mentioned earlier, at the age of about one month, he begins to work actively, baby consumes more food. Because the gastrointestinal tract starts only after the birth of the heart, it is the most vulnerable and some time faults. In particular, there might not be enough enzymes, bile, lactobacillus bifidus bacteria to digest all incoming food.
When the nutrition moms, as well as respecting the prevention of atopic dermatitis to 3-4 months of ripening process occurs local immunity in the gut (increased levels of immunoglobulin and that protect the mucous membranes of microorganisms and viruses); reducing the permeability of the intestinal mucosa (due to growth of lacto-and Bifidobacteria in the intestines is formed protective film, which gives no toxins and allergens to penetrate into the blood); increase in the quantity of enzyme formulation (in particular, pepsin, which is responsible for processing of proteins, including dairy); increased secretion of hydrochloric acid and decrease the pH of gastric juice (hydrochloric acid contributes to the death of bacteria and viruses that enter the stomach, but also helps digestion of proteins); the ripening of other enzymatic processes of digestion of food.
Accordingly, the 3-4 month "allergy" average breastfed baby passes without special treatment and diets of the mother when the bowel mucosa reaches a certain maturity. To reduce the rash can be corrected diet moms reducing (but not excluding!) number of "heavy" protein (cow's milk protein, gluten) in the diet or observe some time Rotary diet (one protein type no more often than every four days). It should be remembered that the unwarranted exclusion of products from the diet of mothers can reduce the rash, but almost certainly will increase the time of maturation of the bowel, which can lead to an increase of dysbacteriosis, avitaminozu, otherwise known as rachitis, weight loss and other hazards.
Care of a skin rash caused by the immaturity of the bowel, similar to Acne care newborns: hygienic procedures and prevent secondary infection.
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